A cystoscopy is a procedure in which the doctors at Alaskan Interior Urology use a special telescope called a cystoscope to look into the bladder. A cystoscope may be used to help find the cause to symptoms such as frequent urinary tract infections, blood in urine, incontinence, unusual cells found in a urine sample, persistent pain when trying to pass urine, or difficulty passing urine. A cystoscopy may also be used to monitor the progress of conditions such as treatment of a bladder tumor.
A cystoscopy may also be implemented to treat certain conditions or perform certain procedures. It may be used to remove a kidney stone, obtain a urine sample from the ureters, remove small polyps, insert a stent, perform special x-rays of the ureters and kidneys, and remove the prostate gland.
What to Expect
A cystoscopy is a minor procedure which takes only 5-10 minutes to perform and is generally done in our office. Here is a breakdown of the things that will occur on the day of your cystoscopy:
- You will relax on your back on an exam table and be prepared in a sterile manner. Some numbing jelly is then instilled into the opening of the urethra. The jelly usually contains a local anesthetic to numb the lining of the urethra. This helps the cystoscope to pass into the urethra with as little discomfort as possible.
- The doctor will gently push the cystoscope up into the bladder to look carefully at the lining of the urethra and bladder. Sterile water is passed down a side channel in the cystoscope to slowly fill your bladder. This makes it easier for the doctor to see the lining of the bladder. As your bladder fills you will feel the urge to pass urine which may be uncomfortable. If at any point of time you would like Dr. Huffer to stop proceeding, he will comply with your request.
- A cystoscopy generally take 2-3 minutes to complete, although it may take a minute or two longer if the doctor performs a procedure; such as taking a biopsy from the lining of the bladder. The cystoscope is gently pulled out and Dr. Huffer and his team will go over what they found during the exam.
After the Cystoscopy
Most cystoscopies are done without any problem. For the next 24 hours, you may have a mild burning feeling when you pass urine, and feel the need to go more often than usual. If a biopsy was taken, urine may look pink to due mild bleeding. Occasionally, a urine infection may develop after a cystoscopy or may damage or perforate the bladder.
After a cystoscopy, contact Dr. Huffer and his team if you experience:
- Severe pain or bleeding
- Pain or bleeding that lasts longer than 2 days
- An infection develops